Recommended Last Planting Date for Grain Sorghum in the Texas Low Rolling Plains (2023)

Jim Barber, Calvin Trostle and Billy E. Warrick (Retired)
Research & Extension Assistant, Extension Agronomist and Extension Agronomist

Sorghum producers in the Texas Low Rolling Plains have many good sorghum hybrids to choose from. The range of planting dates, however, occurs from late April to mid July. Many producers may not readily understand the different sorghum maturity classes or when they should or shouldn’t be planted (i.e., what is a 110-day sorghum, and how may it vary?). In addition, early season cold tolerance is an attribute, which may be important particularly for early season plantings when good soil moisture is available. Likewise, tillering and its control may strongly influence the success of sorghum cropping particularly as planting date affects tillering (cool temperatures favor tillering). Hybrids that tiller have the ability to compensate upward if production conditions are favorable relative to the established plant population, but tillering hybrids also erode the ability to manage targeted plant populations and timely harvest.

(Video) Planting MILO (Grain Sorghum)

These are general guidelines and are not an endorsement of any one hybrid or company by Texas AgriLife Extension Service. Suggested last planting dates for each hybrid are intended to be conservative in order to protect the producer. In northern locations of the Rolling Plains, move toward the earlier portion of the range of last planting dates for a particular hybrid. Check with the seed company representative in your area for specifics. Please report discrepancies in growth and maturity for your particular hybrid and suggested planting date to Jim Barber as well as the company representative.

Keep in mind that in terms of historical averages flowering is most harmed by hot weather even when moisture is adequate. Many producers err on the side of planting too much seed per acre. As a result in droughty conditions producers are at risk of inadequate moisture per plant during flowering and grain fill to produce grain. In managing risk, know that most grain sorghum hybrids at modest plant populations are better able to flex upward to meet the yield potential of favorable conditions. This is less risky agronomically and economically than having a high plant population crop under droughty conditions.

(Video) Tillering in Grain Sorghum

Managing Risk Balancing Seeding Rate vs. Available Soil Moisture: Suggested sorghum seeding rates are influenced by the available soil moisture in soils of different textures. Generally, sandy to sandy loam soil can store about 1″ of available soil water per foot; a silty loam to clay loam soil can store about 1.5″ inches per foot; and a clayey soil can store about 2″ per foot. Typically, it takes 6-8″ inches of available moisture (rainfall or in the soil) to bring a sorghum crop to the point of grain production, and each additional 1″ of water should produce 350-425 lbs. of grain.

For most dryland sorghum production in the Texas Low Rolling Plains, when soil profile moisture is adequate (>4″ of available soil moisture), a good target is 30,000-35,000 seeds/A. If soil moisture is low (2-4″), a seed drop of 25,000-30,000/A is advised. For any condition with poor soil moisture, especially as plantings approach July 1, consider 20,000 seeds/A. For limited irrigation (6-10″) with low soil profile moisture conditions, target 40,000-45,000 seeds/A, but if soil moisture is good, consider 50,000-55,000 seeds/A. For full irrigation levels, target 80,000 seeds/A on June 1, but by July consider 100,000-110,000 seeds/A for non-tillering hybrids and 80,000-90,000 seeds/A for tillering hybrids.

(Video) That's My Farm - Sorghum Planting - April 10, 2015

Because seed costs are relatively low for sorghum ($1.00-1.20 cents per pound), growers too easily increase seeding rates as it doesn’t much affect production costs. Seeding rates occasionally are altered to reflect planting conditions. In general for high quality seed under favorable conditions, expect germination 90%, and stand establishment of 80-90% for germinated seeds. If difficult germination or stand establishment is expected, seeding rates may edge back up slightly. If a rain germinates all seed and high establishment occurs, but overall growing conditions remain poor, plant population will be too high.

In general, Texas AgriLife Extension Service suggests the following guidelines as a criteria for the last recommended planting date based on the sorghum’s maturity class:
CountiesMedium MaturityEarly Maturity
Borden, Scurry, Jones,
Fisher, Howard,Mitchell,
Nolan, Taylor, Callahan,
and Counties North of the line
from Schleicher to McCulloch
June 30July 15
These suggested dates consider the length of sorghum maturity vs. historical averages for cool fall weather, which can be expected ahead of frost. Although these sorghum maturity classes may be planted later and be successful in many years, these guidelines should help producers understand when risk increases relative to achieving grain yield potential. If you must consider a very late sorghum planting, choose among hybrids that have estimated ‘days to maturity’ of less than 90 days. Check among seed dealers for suggestions.

In the accompanying table, company representatives have provided estimates of the ‘last recommended planted date’ for their hybrids. For table headings from left to right, the hybrids below for the Rolling Plains are arranged by date into four general groups for ‘last planting date.’ Hybrids with a last recommended planting date of June 10-20 are long maturity. In addition, late June hybrids are generally medium long; early July hybrids are medium; and the hybrids suggested for July 8-15 are early.

(Video) Sorghum- The Best Backyard Grain. Episode 21, Explosive Metabolism.

Participating Companies Recommendations
for Last Planting Dates of Selected Hybrids
(listed alphabetically)

COMPANY: AgriPro Seeds
June 10-20
Tillering#
June 21-30
Tillering#
July 1-7
Tillering#
July 8-15
Tillering#
HybridTiller
Rating
HybridTiller
Rating
HybridTiller
Rating
HybridTiller
Rating
2949*
Wings
9850*
2
2
3
Honcho*
2731
2838
2800
2660*
Cherokee*
3
2
2
3
3
3
2468*
2440
9210
2
2
3
9135
2140
2233*
2
2
2
*Good early season vigor ratings, adapted to early plantings at cooler temperatures.
NOTE: Tiller Rating 1 = None, 2 = Little, 3 = Moderate, 4 = High
COMPANY: Asgrow (owned by Monsanto)
June 10-20
Tillering#
June 21-30
Tillering#
July 1-7
Tillering#
July 8-15
Tillering#
HybridTiller
Rating
HybridTiller
Rating
HybridTiller
Rating
HybridTiller
Rating
A6033A570*
A571*
A581
MISSILE
2
3
3
2
A459*
A504
2
3
A201
A298
LASER
SENECA*
3
3
3
3
*Good early season vigor ratings, adapted to early plantings at cooler temperatures.
NOTE: Tiller Rating 1 = None, 2 = Little, 3 = Moderate, 4 = High
COMPANY: Cargill (owned by Dow AgroSciences)
June 10-20
Tillering#
June 21-30
Tillering#
July 1-7
Tillering#
July 8-15
Tillering#
HybridTiller
Rating
HybridTiller
Rating
HybridTiller
Rating
HybridTiller
Rating
8332837*
737*
770Y
775Y
697
3
3
3
3
2
627
647*
2
3
606
576
2
2
*Good early season vigor ratings, adapted to early plantings at cooler temperatures.
NOTE: Tiller Rating 1 = None, 2 = Little, 3 = Moderate, 4 = High
COMPANY: Crosbyton Seed Co.
June 10-20
Tillering#
June 21-30
Tillering#
July 1-7
Tillering#
July 8-15
Tillering#
HybridTiller
Rating
HybridTiller
Rating
HybridTiller
Rating
HybridTiller
Rating
9080
9060
2
3
6080
7050
8080*
1489*
6092
6 Row Y
6 Row GBT
6 Row R
3
3
3
2
3
3
3
3
380
5050
5914*
2
2
2
6035
7031
4 Row Y
2
2
3
*Good early season vigor ratings, adapted to early plantings at cooler temperatures.
NOTE: Tiller Rating 1 = None, 2 = Little, 3 = Moderate, 4 = High
COMPANY: DEKALB (owned by Monsanto)
June 10-20
Tillering#
June 21-30
Tillering#
July 1-7
Tillering#
July 8-15
Tillering#
HybridTiller
Rating
HybridTiller
Rating
HybridTiller
Rating
HybridTiller
Rating
DK66*3DK65
DK56
DK55
DK54*
DK53
4
1
3
3
2
DK47*
DK45*
DK44
DK43A(1)
DK41Y (1)
DK40Y
DK38Y
3
3
1
3
4
3
3
DK28E
DK36*
DK39Y
2
3
2
*Good early season vigor ratings, adapted to early plantings at cooler temperatures.
(1) Do not plant later than July 1.
NOTE: Tiller Rating 1 = None, 2 = Little, 3 = Moderate, 4 = High
COMPANY: Frontier Hybrids
June 10-20
Tillering#
June 21-30
Tillering#
July 1-7
Tillering#
July 8-15
Tillering#
HybridTiller
Rating
HybridTiller
Rating
HybridTiller
Rating
HybridTiller
Rating
F-647E*
F-700E*
3
3
F-457E4F-270E*
F-303C*
F-501E
4
3
3
F-227E
F-200E
2
2
*Good early season vigor ratings, adapted to early plantings at cooler temperatures.
NOTE: Tiller Rating 1 = None, 2 = Little, 3 = Moderate, 4 = High
COMPANY: Garrison & Townsend–Bill Townsend, (806) 364-0560
June 10-20
Tillering#
June 21-30
Tillering#
July 1-7
Tillering#
July 8-15
Tillering#
HybridTiller
Rating
HybridTiller
Rating
HybridTiller
Rating
HybridTiller
Rating
SG-822
SG-94249*
SG-97157
SG-925
3
2
3
3
SG-753
SG-95512
SG-677
3
2
3
SG-95207
SG-96258
2
2
SG-96275
SG-95392
2
2
*Good early season vigor ratings, adapted to early plantings at cooler temperatures.
NOTE: Tiller Rating 1 = None, 2 = Little, 3 = Moderate, 4 = High
COMPANY: Garst Seed
June 10-20
Tillering#
June 21-30
Tillering#
July 1-7
Tillering#
July 8-15
Tillering#
HybridTiller
Rating
HybridTiller
Rating
HybridTiller
Rating
HybridTiller
Rating
531925522Y
5429
5440*
5503*
3
2
2
3
5631Y
5664*
5515
3
2
3
5727
5715
5616
2
2
3
*Good early season vigor ratings, adapted to early plantings at cooler temperatures.
NOTE: Tiller Rating 1 = None, 2 = Little, 3 = Moderate, 4 = High
COMPANY: Golden Harvest (merged with J.C. Robinson Seed Co.)
June 10-20
Tillering#
June 21-30
Tillering#
July 1-7
Tillering#
July 8-15
Tillering#
HybridTiller
Rating
HybridTiller
Rating
HybridTiller
Rating
HybridTiller
Rating
H-5122H-502
H-505BW
2
2
H-430Y
H-471*
H-495W
H-499Y
3
2
2
2
H-296W*
H-388W
H-403*
2
2
2
*Good early season vigor ratings, adapted to early plantings at cooler temperatures.
NOTE: Tiller Rating 1 = None, 2 = Little, 3 = Moderate, 4 = High
COMPANY: Mycogen (owned by Dow AgroSciences)
June 10-20
Tillering#
June 21-30
Tillering#
July 1-7
Tillering#
July 8-15
Tillering#
HybridTiller
Rating
HybridTiller
Rating
HybridTiller
Rating
HybridTiller
Rating
444E
3696
3700
ORO G XTRA
3
3
2
2
ORO XTRA
T-E Y-101G
T-E Prosper
522 DR
T-E Y-75
1506*
1552
3694
3
2
2
3
1
2
1
3
M 3838
T-E Eden
411
2
1
2
ORO ALPHA
3595*
3636
1482
1498E
1
1
2
2
2
*Good early season vigor ratings, adapted to early plantings at cooler temperatures.
NOTE: Tiller Rating 1 = None, 2 = Little, 3 = Moderate, 4 = High
COMPANY: NC+ Hybrids–Ronnie Morris, (512) 321-1239
June 10-20
Tillering#
June 21-30
Tillering#
July 1-7
Tillering#
July 8-15
Tillering#
HybridTiller
Rating
HybridTiller
Rating
HybridTiller
Rating
HybridTiller
Rating
NC+7R83*
NC+7W97
NC+8R18
2
3
3
NC+ 7B29*
NC+ 271
NC+ 371
NC+ 7C49
NC+ 7R37E
NC+ 7B47*
NC+ 7Y57-K
2
3
3
3
3
3
3
NC+ 4R48
NC+ 5C35
NC+ 5B74E*
NC+ 6B50*
NC+ 6C21
NC+ 6R30*
NC+ 262
NC+ 6B70
NC+ 6B67*
NC+ Y363
NC+ 6C69
4
3
2
4
3
3
2
4
3
2
3
*Good early season vigor ratings, adapted to early plantings at cooler temperatures.
NOTE: Tiller Rating 1 = None, 2 = Little, 3 = Moderate, 4 = High
COMPANY: NK (now goes by the name of Sorghum Partners)
June 10-20
Tillering#
June 21-30
Tillering#
July 1-7
Tillering#
July 8-15
Tillering#
HybridTiller
Rating
HybridTiller
Rating
HybridTiller
Rating
HybridTiller
Rating
KS560Y*
K73-J6
2
3
KS710
KS59-Y2
KS711Y
2
3
2
KS52422030
KS310*
KS585*
2
2
2
*Good early season vigor ratings, adapted to early plantings at cooler temperatures.
NOTE: Tiller Rating 1 = None, 2 = Little, 3 = Moderate, 4 = High
COMPANY: Pioneer–David Peterson, (806) 789-8326
June 10-20
Tillering#
June 21-30
Tillering#
July 1-7
Tillering#
July 8-15
Tillering#
HybridTiller
Rating
HybridTiller
Rating
HybridTiller
Rating
HybridTiller
Rating
8212Y
8414
84G62*
8522Y
85G85
84G82
83G66
8310
8505
3
2
3
3
3
3
3
3
2
85Y34
8699
86G71
8500*
3
3
2
2
8950
8925
8875
87G57
3
3
3
3
*Good early season vigor ratings, adapted to early plantings at cooler temperatures.
NOTE: Tiller Rating 1 = None, 2 = Little, 3 = Moderate, 4 = High
COMPANY: Richardson Seeds, Inc.
June 10-20
Tillering#
June 21-30
Tillering#
July 1-7
Tillering#
July 8-15
Tillering#
HybridTiller
Rating
HybridTiller
Rating
HybridTiller
Rating
HybridTiller
Rating
JOWAR 129200Y
9212Y
9300
9322
2
2
2
2
RS200E
RS250E
9200Y
202CR
2
2
2
2
SPRINT II
SPRINT E
DASH E
2
3
3
*Good early season vigor ratings, adapted to early plantings at cooler temperatures.
NOTE: Tiller Rating 1 = None, 2 = Little, 3 = Moderate, 4 = High
COMPANY: Triumph Seed
June 10-20
Tillering#
June 21-30
Tillering#
July 1-7
Tillering#
July 8-15
Tillering#
HybridTiller
Rating
HybridTiller
Rating
HybridTiller
Rating
HybridTiller
Rating
TR82G
TR481
Two 80-D
TR474
3
2
3
3
TR464
TR65G
TR459
TR462
TR60G
3
3
1
3
3
TR438
TR447
TR445
3
3
3
TR430
TR432*
3
2
*Good early season vigor ratings, adapted to early plantings at cooler temperatures.
NOTE: Tiller Rating 1 = None, 2 = Little, 3 = Moderate, 4 = High
COMPANY: Warner Seeds
June 10-20
Tillering#
June 21-30
Tillering#
July 1-7
Tillering#
July 8-15
Tillering#
HybridTiller
Rating
HybridTiller
Rating
HybridTiller
Rating
HybridTiller
Rating
W-844E
W-851DR*
W-965E*
W-839A
W-818E
2
3
2
2
2
W-528W
W-625Y
W-560T
W-622E
3
2
3
2
W-528W
W-560T
W-622E
3
3
2
W-4942
*Good early season vigor ratings, adapted to early plantings at cooler temperatures.
NOTE: Tiller Rating 1 = None, 2 = Little, 3 = Moderate, 4 = High

This publication is made possible through Sorghum PROFIT, an initiative of the State of Texas as developed by the Texas Grain Sorghum Association in conjunction with the Texas A&M University AgriLife Program and Texas Tech University.For producer questions contact any author. For company updates or additions to this list please call Jim Barber or look for any recent updates via the Internet at http://lubbock.tamu.edu and click on crops then sorghum. You may also obtain a copy through your local county extension office. This document will be updated each year by March 1.

(Video) How Long Does It Take to Grow Sorghum?

Disclaimer

Educational programs conducted by the Texas AgriLife Extension Service are open to all people without regard to race, color, sex, disability, religion, age or national origin.

The information given herein is for educational purposes only. “Mention or display of a trademark, proprietary product, or firm in text or figures on this page or subsequently linked pages does not constitute an endorsement by any Extension page author and does not imply approval to the exclusion of other suitable products or firms.”

(Video) Determining Grain Sorghum Seeding Rates

Issued in furtherance of AgriLife Extension Work in Agriculture and Home Economics, Acts of Congress of May 8, 1914, as amended, and June 30, 1914, in cooperation with the United States Department of Agriculture. Edward Smith, Director, Texas AgriLife Extension Service, The Texas A&M University System.

FAQs

Recommended Last Planting Date for Grain Sorghum in the Texas Low Rolling Plains? ›

Sorghum should be planted during a period from about April 1 through April 20, or from June 20 through the first week in July.

Can you plant sorghum in the fall? ›

Sorghum does best when the pH is between 6.0 and 6.8. If lime is necessary to raise the pH, it's best to do it the fall before planting the crop. This allows more time for the lime to help neutralize the acidity of the soil. Soil temperatures for planting are more critical than air temperatures.

What is the maturity period of sorghum? ›

Grain moisture content typically varies between 25 to 40% depending on sorghum product selection and growing conditions. Total time from flowering to physiological maturity is approximately 40 to 45 days.

How late can you plant grain sorghum? ›

(1) Do not plant later than July 1. *Good early season vigor ratings, adapted to early plantings at cooler temperatures.

When should grain sorghum be planted? ›

Grain sorghum should be planted when soil temperatures reach 60 to 65°F. Generally this is 15 to 20 days after corn planting or between May 15 and early June. Grain yields decrease as planting is delayed after early June.

What is the best sorghum to plant for deer? ›

Sorghums are classified into four groups – grass sorghums, grain sorghums, broomcorn, and sorgos. The grain sorghums are typically planted for deer and other wildlife because of their ability to produce grain.

How late can you plant sorghum sudangrass? ›

The crop should be planted after the threat of frost in spring and before July 15 in most of the Northeast to allow for maximum growth. Planting with less than six weeks until frost will result in low levels of dry matter production.

What are the stages of growth for grain sorghum? ›

Grain sorghum goes through three distinct stages of development after emergence – seedling development, panicle initiation and reproduction. The time required for the plant to go through each stage is dependent upon hybrid maturity and temperatures encountered during the growing season.

What is the critical stage of sorghum? ›

Flowering or blooming is the most critical stage in the life of the sorghum plant. A plant begins flowering from the top of the panicle and progresses downward. A field of sorghum is in the flowering stage when blooming has progressed halfway down the panicle in 50% of the plants.

How many bushels of sorghum can you get per acre? ›

Sorghum grain production totaled 373 million bushels nationwide in 2020, up 9%, with an average yield of 73.2 bushels per acre, up two-tenths of a bushel from the previous year.

What is the best way to plant sorghum? ›

Sorghum seed should be generally be planted 1.25 to 1.5 inches deep, depending on soil texture and moisture content. Deeper depth is fine for sandy soils, particularly if soil moisture is very dry. However, deep planting will hinder stand establishment when conditions are cool and wet.

How many pounds of sorghum is an acre? ›

Using the seed per pound numbers for forage sorghum from the above chart, per acre seeding rates for forage sorghum based on seed size can vary from 5 to 8 lbs per acre to get our 80-100,000 plants per acre depending upon the hybrid being grown.

How many bags of sorghum make an acre? ›

One acre produces 66 90kg bags of sorghum grain, 66kg of sorghum matter and 200kg dry matter. It grows to 1.7m. The variety is suitable for food and fodder.

How much grain sorghum do you plant per acre? ›

The optimum seeding rate for grain sorghum is about 10 pounds of seed per acre assuming a seed size of 14,000 seeds per pound and 70 percent emergence. Seed size varies from about 13,000 to 16,000 seeds/pound depending on the hybrid.

How thick do you plant grain sorghum? ›

Sorghum should be generally be planted 1 ¼ – 1 ½ inches deep depending on soil texture and soil moisture. Deeper depth is fine for sandy soils, particularly if soil moisture is short.

Where does sorghum grow best? ›

Sorghum grows best where summers are quite warm, with daytime temperatures regularly topping 90 degrees Fahrenheit. Sandy soils in warm climates are especially good for growing sorghum because it withstands drought and flooding better than corn does.

Do doves like grain sorghum? ›

Mourning dove primarily eat seeds and are attracted to fields where their preferred seeds are abundantly available. Some of their preferred crop seeds include corn, foxtail millet, hemp, Japanese millet, peanut, sorghum and wheat.

How much is grain sorghum seed? ›

For example, sorghum seed typically costs $9-$18 per acre depending on seeding rate, while corn seed typically costs $55-$110 an acre depending on seeding rate and traits.

How much is a bag of sorghum seed? ›

bag. $5 per 50 lb.

How many pounds per acre do you plant sorghum sudangrass? ›

Planting rates vary from 20 to 40 pounds per acre depending on whether the seed is broadcast or planted in rows. Planting dates are usually from May to July but can be earlier in the deep South.

How much Sudan grass do you plant per acre? ›

PLANTING RATES: Sudangrass should be planted at a rate of 120 to 150 pounds of seed per acre. This high seeding rate produces finer-stemmed hay that is desirable for export to Japan.

What is the difference between sudangrass and sorghum? ›

Sorghum and sudangrass plants contain a compound called dhurrin, which can break down to release prussic acid (hydrogen cyanide, HCN). Sudangrass has low levels of this compound and rarely kills animals. Sorghum has the highest levels and sorghum-sudangrasses are intermediate.

How tall does grain sorghum grow? ›

Grain sorghum grows to about 5 feet and is used for livestock feed, biofuels, pet food and human consumption. Forage sorghum grows 6 to 12 feet tall and produces more dry matter tonnage than grain sorghum. Because of its coarse stem, it's primarily used for silage.

How a sorghum plant develops? ›

The first 30-35 days after the plant emerges, nearly all growth is leaves. Then the culm or stalk starts rapid growth, and leaves and stalk continue until maximum leaf weight is reached at about 60 days and maximum stalk weight at about 65 days. After about 50 days the head in- creases in weight rapidly.

How tall is sorghum plant? ›

Sorghum is a strong grass and usually grows to a height of 0.6 to 2.4 metres (2 to 8 feet), sometimes reaching as high as 4.6 metres (15 feet). Stalks and leaves are coated with a white wax, and the pith, or central portion, of the stalks of certain varieties is juicy and sweet.

Does sorghum grow fast? ›

Sorghum is a perennial tropical grass with a growing season of 115–140 days. The rate of growth depends upon temperature and moisture primarily, but it can also be influenced by soil fertility, insect and disease damage. 2 The optimum temperature range for growth is 12–34°C.

What is sorghum used for? ›

Sorghum is a versatile cereal grain used for human consumption as well as livestock feed, alcoholic beverages, and biofuel production. When sorghum is consumed with its outer hull intact, it's a good source of dietary fiber and antioxidants.

How much does sorghum sell for? ›

The average sorghum farm price was $3.34 per bushel in 2019-20, according to the USDA. The agency in April projected the average farm price for the current marketing year at $5.05 per bushel, though prices have exceeded $6 per bushel.

How do you increase the yield of sorghum? ›

Nitrogen promotes intensive plant growth and increases the entire vegetative mass of sorghum. The highest yields are obtained with the application of high doses of nitrogen. This fertilizer accelerates seed germination. Doses of phosphorus applied for sorghum are usually lower than that of nitrogen by 1.5 – 2 times.

How much is sorghum worth per bushel? ›

IndexBox, Inc. LOS ANGELES, Feb. 07, 2022 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- The average sorghum price from U.S. farmers rose by 55% y/y to $5.94 per bushel or $234 per tonne in 2021, a recent report from IndexBox reveals.

What do you plant after sorghum? ›

Crop Rotation - Crop Development

In rotation, sorghum takes the place of corn: so ideally it follows a legume (soybean, alfalfa, peas) and is followed by sugarbeet, tomato, potatoes and other crops.

What is the best fertilizer for sorghum? ›

Nitrogen. Nitrogen is the nutrient most often limiting in sorghum production. Under low rainfall conditions with low yield potential, 30 to 60 pounds of nitrogen per acre may be adequate. In productive irrigated situations, up to 200 pounds of nitrogen will be required.

What type of soil does sorghum need? ›

Like corn, sorghum needs ground that gets full sun and has fertile, well-drained soil. Because sorghum is self-fertile, a large plot is not needed for pollination purposes. Mix a balanced fertilizer into the bed or row before planting. Sorghum needs soil temperature to reach at least 60°F.

How many pounds of grain sorghum are in a bushel? ›

56 39.368

What is the spacing for sorghum? ›

Row spacing varies by region, but the row spacing for grain sorghum that best fits most environments is 30 inches. A 30-inch row spacing provides a good combination of light interception and enough soil volume to provide stored water during short periods of drought.

How many seeds are in a pound of grain sorghum? ›

Grain sorghum seed size is typically 14,000 to 16,000 seeds per pound, but can range from 9,000 to 22,000 seeds per pound.

How much is a ton of sorghum? ›

The average price for a tonne is US$ 196.91 in New York and Washington. US' import price for sorghum in 2019 was US$1.25 per kg.

How many seeds are in a pound of forage sorghum? ›

Optimum planting rates for forage sorghum are about 8 to 12 pounds of seed per acre. Seed lots often contain about 14,000 to 17,000 seeds per pound, and sorghum emergence is often about 75 percent, so these planting rates will result in plant populations of 85,000 to 150,000 plants per acre.

How much does a bushel of sorghum weigh? ›

50 Pounds

How much water does sorghum need? ›

Although water needs decline slightly after booting, a sorghum crop still requires 2 to 3 inches of water every 10 days. Irrigating during heading and flowering generally produces an increase of 1,200 to 1,500 pounds per acre.

Will grain sorghum grow in sandy soil? ›

Seeding depth should be no more than 1 inch in heavy soils or in sandy soils with good soil moisture. Seed can emerge from a depth up to 2 inches; however, germination is slow and percent germination decreases substantially. Fertility. Fertility requirements for grain sorghum are similar to those for wheat and corn.

How many bags of sorghum make an acre? ›

One acre produces 66 90kg bags of sorghum grain, 66kg of sorghum matter and 200kg dry matter. It grows to 1.7m. The variety is suitable for food and fodder.

How late can you plant milo in Kansas? ›

Generally speaking, the ideal planting dates are: Central Kansas to central Nebraska: May 15 to June 2. Southern Kansas to northern Oklahoma: late April to May 10.

What is the best way to plant sorghum? ›

Sorghum seed should be generally be planted 1.25 to 1.5 inches deep, depending on soil texture and moisture content. Deeper depth is fine for sandy soils, particularly if soil moisture is very dry. However, deep planting will hinder stand establishment when conditions are cool and wet.

How many pounds per acre do you plant sorghum? ›

The optimum seeding rate for grain sorghum is about 10 pounds of seed per acre assuming a seed size of 14,000 seeds per pound and 70 percent emergence. Seed size varies from about 13,000 to 16,000 seeds/pound depending on the hybrid.

Videos

1. Determining Grain Sorghum Seeding Rates
(sorghumcheckoff)
2. Milo & Grain Sorghum Herbicides (FROM AG PHD SHOW #1147 - AIR DATE 3-29-20)
(AgPhD)
3. Winke's Blog: Corn vs Milo – Which is Better for Deer?
(Midwest Whitetail Daily Blogs)
4. How to make Whole Grain Sorghum ~ Gluten Free ~ Sorghum Pilaf
(NaturesFairy)
5. How to press sorghum and making syrup
(SSEHeritageFarm)
6. Thats My Farm - Considerations When Planting Sorghum March 30, 2018
(Farming Unlimited TV)
Top Articles
Latest Posts
Article information

Author: Nathanial Hackett

Last Updated: 01/19/2023

Views: 6380

Rating: 4.1 / 5 (72 voted)

Reviews: 87% of readers found this page helpful

Author information

Name: Nathanial Hackett

Birthday: 1997-10-09

Address: Apt. 935 264 Abshire Canyon, South Nerissachester, NM 01800

Phone: +9752624861224

Job: Forward Technology Assistant

Hobby: Listening to music, Shopping, Vacation, Baton twirling, Flower arranging, Blacksmithing, Do it yourself

Introduction: My name is Nathanial Hackett, I am a lovely, curious, smiling, lively, thoughtful, courageous, lively person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.