Oil Refineries in the United States (2022)

United States Oil Refineries by State

Oil Refineries in the United States (1)35 of the U.S. states have oil refineries located in them although the only oil refinery located in Virginia is shut down. The U.S. has 4 of the world’s largest refineries with one in Port Arthur, Texas, one each in Baytown, TX, Garyville, LA, and Baton Rouge, LA with a refining capacity of 600,000., 572,500., 522,000., and 502,500 Barrels per Day respectively. The largest refinery in the world is located in Jamnagar, Gujarat, India with a capacity of 1,240,000 barrels per day and the second largest is in Ulsan, South Korea with a capacity of 1,120,000. barrels per day. The Port Arthur facility comes in 6th after Paraguana, Falcon, Venezuela (940,000), Yeosu, South Korea (730,000) and Singapore (605,000). The list below is presented in both Barrels per day (bbl/d) and in Cubic Meters per day (m3/d).

Alabama

Atmore Refinery (Goodway Refining LLC), Atmore 4,100 bbl/d (650 m3/d)
Saraland Refinery (Shell Chemical LP), Saraland 80,000 bbl/d (13,000 m3/d)
Tuscaloosa Refinery (Hunt Refining Company), Tuscaloosa 72,000 bbl/d (11,400 m3/d)

Alaska

Kenai Refinery (Tesoro), Kenai 68,000 bbl/d (10,800 m3/d)
North Pole Refinery (Petro Star), North Pole 19,700 bbl/d (3,130 m3/d)
North Pole Refinery (Flint Hills Resources LP), North Pole 127,459 bbl/d (20,264.4 m3/d)
Prudhoe Bay Refinery (BP Exploration Alaska Inc), Prudhoe Bay 6,935 bbl/d (1,102.6 m3/d)
Prudhoe Bay Refinery (ConocoPhillips Alaska Inc), Prudhoe Bay 15,000 bbl/d (2,400 m3/d)
Valdez Refinery (Petro Star), Valdez 55,000 bbl/d (8,700 m3/d)

Arizona

Arizona Clean Fuels Yuma Refinery (Arizona Clean Fuels), Yuma, Arizona, 150,000 bbl/d (24,000 m3/d) (Proposed, awaiting permitting)

Arkansas

El Dorado Refinery (Lion Oil), El Dorado 83,000 bbl/d (13,200 m3/d)
Smackover Refinery (Martin Midstream Partners LP), Smackover 7,500 bbl/d (1,190 m3/d)

California

Bakersfield Refinery (Alon USA), Bakersfield, 66,000 bbl/d (10,500 m3/d) (Temporarily shut down)
Bakersfield Refinery (Kern Oil & Refining Co), Bakersfield, 26,000 bbl/d (4,100 m3/d)
Bakersfield Refinery (San Joaquin Refining Co), Bakersfield,15,000 bbl/d (2,400 m3/d)
Benicia Refinery (Valero), Benicia, 132,000 bbl/d (21,000 m3/d)
Carson Refinery (Tesoro), Carson,226,000 bbl/d (35,900 m3/d) (Tentatively sold to Tesoro)
El Segundo Refinery (Chevron), El Segundo, 276,000 bbl/d (43,900 m3/d)
Golden Eagle Refinery (Tesoro), Martinez, 166,000 bbl/d (26,400 m3/d)
Los Angeles Refinery (Phillips 66), Wilmington, 139,000 bbl/d (22,100 m3/d)
Los Angeles Refinery (Tesoro), Wilmington, 103,800 bbl/d (16,500 m3/d)
Martinez Refinery (Royal Dutch Shell), Martinez,156,400 bbl/d (24,870 m3/d)
Paramount Refinery (Paramount Petroleum), Paramount, 54,000 bbl/d (8,600 m3/d) (Temporarily shut down)
Richmond Refinery (Chevron) (Chevron), Richmond, 245,271 bbl/d (38,995.0 m3/d)
San Francisco Refinery (Phillips 66), Rodeo, 120,200 bbl/d (19,110 m3/d)
Santa Maria Refinery (Greka Energy), Santa Maria, 9,500 bbl/d (1,510 m3/d)
South Gate Refinery (Lunday Thagard Co), South Gate, 8,500 bbl/d (1,350 m3/d)
Torrance Refinery (ExxonMobil), Torrance, 149,500 bbl/d (23,770 m3/d)
Wilmington Refinery (Valero), Wilmington, 78,000 bbl/d (12,400 m3/d)

Colorado

Commerce City Refinery (Suncor Energy (U.S.A.) Inc.), Commerce City, 98,000 bbl/d (15,600 m3/d)

Delaware

Delaware City Refinery (PBF Energy), Delaware City 190,000 bbl/d (30,000 m3/d)

Georgia

Savannah Refinery (NuStar Energy), Savannah (Asphalt Refinery) 28,000 bbl/d (4,500 m3/d)
Douglasville Refinery (Young Refining), Douglasville — shutdown 07/04

(Video) One of the largest oil refineries in the US is closing down

Hawaii

Kapolei Refinery (Tesoro), Kapolei 94,000 bbl/d (14,900 m3/d)
Hawaii Refinery (Chevron), Kapolei 54,000 bbl/d (8,600 m3/d)

Illinois

Lemont Refinery (Citgo), Lemont 167,000 bbl/d (26,600 m3/d)
Joliet Refinery (ExxonMobil), Joliet 238,000 bbl/d (37,800 m3/d)
Robinson Refinery (Marathon Petroleum Company), Robinson 206,000 bbl/d (32,800 m3/d)
Wood River Refinery (Phillips 66), Wood River 306,000 bbl/d (48,700 m3/d)

Indiana

Whiting Refinery (BP), Whiting 405,000 bbl/d (64,400 m3/d)
Mount Vernon Refinery (Countrymark Co-op), Mount Vernon 23,000 bbl/d (3,700 m3/d)

Kansas

Coffeyville Refinery (CVR Energy dba Coffeyville Resources LLC), Coffeyville 125,000 bbl/d (19,900 m3/d)
El Dorado Refinery (HollyFrontier Corp), El Dorado 135,000 bbl/d (21,500 m3/d)
McPherson Refinery (National Co-op Refinery Assoc.|NCRA), McPherson 81,200 bbl/d (12,910 m3/d)

Kentucky

Catlettsburg Refinery (Marathon Petroleum Company), Catlettsburg 240,000 bbl/d (38,000 m3/d)
HDG International Group Refinery, Perry 195,500 bbl/d (31,080 m3/d)
Somerset Refinery, Continental Refining Somerset 5,500 bbl/d (870 m3/d)

Louisiana

Alliance Refinery (Phillips 66), Belle Chasse 247,000 bbl/d (39,300 m3/d)
Baton Rouge Refinery (ExxonMobil), Baton Rouge 503,000 bbl/d (80,000 m3/d)
Chalmette Refinery (Chalmette Refining LLC, joint venture of ExxonMobil and PDVSA), Chalmette 193,000 bbl/d (30,700 m3/d)
Convent Refinery (Motiva Enterprises), Convent 255,000 bbl/d (40,500 m3/d)
Cotton Valley Refinery (Calumet Lubricants), Cotton Valley 13,000 bbl/d (2,100 m3/d)
Garyville Refinery (Marathon Petroleum Company), near Garyville 522,000 bbl/d (83,000 m3/d)
Krotz Springs Refinery (Alon USA), Krotz Springs 85,000 bbl/d (13,500 m3/d)
Lake Charles Refinery (Calcasieu Refining),near Lake Charles 75,000 bbl/d (11,900 m3/d)
Lake Charles Refinery (Citgo), near Lake Charles 427,800 bbl/d (68,010 m3/d)
Lake Charles Refinery (Phillips 66), Westlake 239,000 bbl/d (38,000 m3/d)
Meraux Refinery (Valero), Meraux 125,000 bbl/d (19,900 m3/d)
Norco Refinery (Motiva Enterprises), Norco 242,000 bbl/d (38,500 m3/d)
Port Allen Refinery (Placid Refining), Port Allen 80,000 bbl/d (13,000 m3/d)
Princeton Refinery (Calumet Lubricants), Princeton 8,300 bbl/d (1,320 m3/d)
Shreveport Refinery (Calumet Lubricants), Shreveport 35,000 bbl/d (5,600 m3/d)
St. Charles Refinery (Valero), Norco 260,000 bbl/d (41,000 m3/d)

Michigan

Marathon Detroit Refinery (Marathon Petroleum Company), Detroit 120,000 bbl/d (19,000 m3/d)

Minnesota

Pine Bend Refinery (Flint Hills Resources), Rosemount 320,000 bbl/d (51,000 m3/d)
St. Paul Park Refinery (Northern Tier Energy), St. Paul Park 74,000 bbl/d (11,800 m3/d)

Mississippi

Lumberton Refinery (Hunt Southland Refining), Lumberton 5,800 bbl/d (920 m3/d)
Pascagoula Refinery (Chevron), Pascagoula 370,000 bbl/d (59,000 m3/d)
Vicksburg Refinery (Ergon), Vicksburg 23,000 bbl/d (3,700 m3/d)
Rogerslacy Refinery (Hunt Southland Refining), Sandersville 11,000 bbl/d (1,700 m3/d)
Greenville Refinery, Scott Petroleum, Biodiesel Oil Refinery

(Video) Oil refineries ramp up processing activity to highest levels since pandemic began

Montana

Billings Refinery (Phillips 66), Billings 61,000 bbl/d (9,700 m3/d)
Billings Refinery (ExxonMobil), Billings 60,000 bbl/d (9,500 m3/d)
Montana Refining Company,[28] Great Falls 9,500 bbl/d (1,510 m3/d)
Laurel Refinery (Cenex), Laurel 55,000 bbl/d (8,700 m3/d)

Nevada

Eagle Springs Refinery (Foreland Refining), Currant 1,700 bbl/d (270 m3/d)

New Jersey

Bayway Refinery (Phillips 66), Linden 230,000 bbl/d (37,000 m3/d)
Eagle Point Refinery (Sunoco), Westville closed 2010- 145,000 bbl/d (23,100 m3/d)
Paulsboro Asphalt Refinery Paulsboro [30] 51,000 bbl/d (8,100 m3/d)
Paulsboro Refinery (PBF Energy Corporation), Paulsboro 180,000 bbl/d (29,000 m3/d)
Perth Amboy Refinery (Chevron), Perth Amboy (closed 2006) 80,000 bbl/d (13,000 m3/d)
Port Reading Refinery (Hess), Port Reading (closed 2013) 70,000 bbl/d (11,000 m3/d)

New Mexico

Navajo Refinery (HollyFrontier Corp), Artesia 100,000 bbl/d (16,000 m3/d)
Bloomfield Refinery (Western Refining), Bloomfield 16,800 bbl/d (2,670 m3/d)
Ciniza Refinery (Western Refining), Gallup 26,000 bbl/d (4,100 m3/d)

North Dakota

Mandan Refinery (Tesoro), Mandan 60,000 bbl/d (9,500 m3/d)

Ohio

Canton Refinery (Marathon Petroleum Company), Canton 80,000 bbl/d (13,000 m3/d)
Lima Refinery (Husky Energy), Lima 158,400 bbl/d (25,180 m3/d)
Toledo Refinery (BP/Husky Oil), Toledo 160,000 bbl/d (25,000 m3/d)
Toledo Refinery (PBF) PBF Energy[31] Toledo 170,000 bbl/d (27,000 m3/d)

Oklahoma

Ardmore Refinery (Valero), Ardmore 74,700 bbl/d (11,880 m3/d)
Ponca City Refinery (Phillips 66/Conoco), Ponca City 194,000 bbl/d (30,800 m3/d)
Tulsa Refinery East & West (HollyFrontier Corporation), Tulsa 125,000 bbl/d (19,900 m3/d)
Wynnewood Refinery, CVR Energy Wynnewood 70,000 bbl/d (11,000 m3/d)
Ventura Refining and Transmission, Ventura R. & T. Thomas 14,000 bbl/d (2,200 m3/d)

Pennsylvania

Bradford Refinery (American Refining Group), Bradford 10,000 bbl/d (1,600 m3/d)
Marcus Hook Refinery (Sunoco), Marcus Hook idled 175,000 bbl/d (27,800 m3/d)[33]
Philadelphia Refinery (Philadelphia Energy Solutions), Philadelphia 335,000 bbl/d (53,300 m3/d)
Calumet Penreco Karns (Calumet Specialty), Karns City
Trainer Refinery (Delta Air Lines subsidiary, Monroe Energy), Trainer 185,000 bbl/d (29,400 m3/d)
Warren Refinery, United Refining Company, Warren 70,000 bbl/d (11,000 m3/d)

Wamsutta Oil Refinery (historical), McClintocksville

(Video) Oil refineries are operating at historically high levels: Mike Sommers

South Dakota

Hyperion Elk Point Refinery and IGCC powerplant (Hyperion Energy Center), Elk Point, South Dakota, 400,000 bbl/d (64,000 m3/d) (Construction estimated after August 2012)

Tennessee

Memphis Refinery (Valero), Memphis 180,000 bbl/d (29,000 m3/d)

Texas

Baytown Refinery (ExxonMobil), Baytown 560,640 bbl/d (89,135 m3/d)
Big Spring Refinery (Alon USA), Big Spring 61,000 bbl/d (9,700 m3/d)
Beaumont Refinery (ExxonMobil), Beaumont 348,500 bbl/d (55,410 m3/d)
Borger Refinery (Phillips 66/Cenovus 50/50 joint venture), Borger 146,000 bbl/d (23,200 m3/d)
Corpus Christi Complex (Flint Hills Resources), Corpus Christi 288,000 bbl/d (45,800 m3/d)
Corpus Christi Refinery (Citgo), Corpus Christi 156,000 bbl/d (24,800 m3/d)
Corpus Christi West Refinery (Valero), Corpus Christi 142,000 bbl/d (22,600 m3/d)
Corpus Christi East Refinery (Valero), Corpus Christi 115,000 bbl/d (18,300 m3/d)
Deer Park Refinery (Shell Oil Company), Deer Park 333,700 bbl/d (53,050 m3/d)
Double Punch Refinery (Barton Refining), Austin 24 bbl/d (3.8 m3/d)
El Paso Refinery (Western Refining), El Paso 120,000 bbl/d (19,000 m3/d)
Galveston Bay Refinery (Marathon Petroleum Company), Texas City 451,000 bbl/d (71,700 m3/d)
Houston Refinery (Lyondell), Houston 270,200 bbl/d (42,960 m3/d)
Houston Refinery (Valero), Houston 83,000 bbl/d (13,200 m3/d)
Independent Refinery (Stratnor), Houston 100,000 bbl/d (16,000 m3/d)
McKee Refinery (Valero), Sunray 158,300 bbl/d (25,170 m3/d)
Nixon Refinery (Blue Dolphin) Nixon, Texas 15,000 bbl/d (2,400 m3/d)
Pasadena Refinery (Petrobras), Pasadena 100,000 bbl/d (16,000 m3/d)
Port Arthur Refinery (Total), Port Arthur 174,000 bbl/d (27,700 m3/d)
Port Arthur Refinery (Motiva Enterprises), Port Arthur 600,000 bbl/d (95,000 m3/d)
Port Arthur Refinery (Valero), Port Arthur 325,000 bbl/d (51,700 m3/d)
Penreco (Calumet Penreco LLC), Houston
San Antonio Refinery (NuStar Energy), San Antonio 10,300 bbl/d (1,640 m3/d)
South Hampton Refinery Arabian American Development, Silsbee, Texas 6,000 bbl/d (950 m3/d)
Sweeny Refinery (Phillips 66), Sweeny 247,000 bbl/d (39,300 m3/d)
Texas City Refinery (Marathon Petroleum Company), Texas City 80,000 bbl/d (13,000 m3/d)
Texas City Refinery (Valero), Texas City 210,000 bbl/d (33,000 m3/d)
Three Rivers Refinery (Valero), Three Rivers 90,000 bbl/d (14,000 m3/d)
Tyler Refinery (Delek Refining Ltd.), Tyler 62,000 bbl/d (9,900 m3/d)

Utah

North Salt Lake Refinery (Big West Oil), North Salt Lake 35,000 bbl/d (5,600 m3/d)
Salt Lake City Refinery (Chevron), Salt Lake City 45,000 bbl/d (7,200 m3/d)
Salt Lake City Refinery (Tesoro), Salt Lake City 58,000 bbl/d (9,200 m3/d)
Woods Cross Refinery (HollyFrontier Corp Corporation), Woods Cross 31,000 bbl/d (4,900 mv/d)
Woods Cross Refinery (Silver Eagle Refining), Woods Cross 10,200 bbl/d (1,620 m3/d)

Virginia

Yorktown Refinery (Plains Pipeline), Yorktown 58,600 bbl/d (9,320 m3/d) shutdown Sept 2010

Washington

Tesoro Anacortes Refinery (Tesoro), Anacortes 108,000 bbl/d (17,200 m3/d)
Shell Anacortes Refinery (Shell Oil Company), Anacortes 145,000 bbl/d (23,100 m3/d)
Cherry Point Refinery (BP), Blaine 225,000 bbl/d (35,800 m3/d)
ConocoPhillips Ferndale Refinery (Phillips 66), Ferndale 105,000 bbl/d (16,700 m3/d)
Tacoma Refinery (U.S. Oil and Refining), Tacoma 35,000 bbl/d (5,600 m3/d)
Imperium Grays Harbor (Imperium Renewables), Anacortes 4,580 bbl/d (728 m3/d)

West Virginia

Newell Refinery (Ergon), Newell 19,400 bbl/d (3,080 m3/d)

Wisconsin

Superior Refinery (Calumet Specialty Products LLC), Superior 33,000 bbl/d (5,200 m3/d)

Wyoming

Cheyenne Refinery (HollyFrontier Corp), Cheyenne 52,000 bbl/d (8,300 m3/d)
Evanston Refinery (Silver Eagle Refining), Evanston 3,000 bbl/d (480 m3/d)
Evansville Refinery (Little America Refining), Evansville 24,500 bbl/d (3,900 m3/d)
Newcastle Refinery ([Black Elk Refining, LLC]), Newcastle 12,500 bbl/d (1,990 m3/d)
Sinclair Refinery (Sinclair Oil), Sinclair 66,000 bbl/d (10,500 m3/d)

(Video) U.S. refinery business 'can't catch up' with oil prices, analyst says

This list has been reprinted by permission from the Wikipedia World-wide Oil Refineries list.

Stanlow_Oil_Refineryimage courtesy of Dennis Turner.

Oil Refineries in the United States (2)

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FAQs

Oil Refineries in the United States? ›

Largest petroleum refineries in the United States
RankRefineryBarrels/Day
1Port Arthur Refinery607,000
2Galveston Bay Refinery593,000
4Garyville Refinery578,000
3Baytown Refinery560,500
7 more rows

Are U.S. oil refineries running at full capacity? ›

U.S. refinery capacity decreased during 2021 for second consecutive year. Operable atmospheric crude oil distillation capacity, our primary measure of refinery capacity in the United States, totaled 17.9 million barrels per calendar day as of January 1, 2022, down 1% from the beginning of 2021.

What is the largest oil refinery in the United States? ›

Baytown Refinery

Opened in 1920, Exxon's Baytown refinery is the largest in the United States, the second largest in the Western hemisphere and also Exxon's second largest facility after its Singapore complex.

Who owns the largest oil refinery in the United States? ›

America's largest oil refinery is now fully owned by Saudi Arabia. Saudi Aramco, the kingdom's state-owned oil behemoth, took 100% control of the sprawling Port Arthur refinery in Texas on Monday, completing a deal that was first announced last year. Port Arthur is considered the crown jewel of the US refinery system.

Why is the US not drilling for oil? ›

As to why they weren't drilling more, oil executives blamed Wall Street. Nearly 60% cited "investor pressure to maintain capital discipline" as the primary reason oil companies weren't drilling more despite skyrocketing prices, according to the Dallas Fed survey.

Why are no new refineries being built? ›

New refineries are unlikely to be built in the United States due to daunting environmental standards and policies that the Biden administration has been implementing to reduce petroleum product consumption in the future. Shockingly high prices for energy is the outgrowth of those policies.

How many US refineries are shut down? ›

Five refineries have shut down in the United States in just the past two years, reducing the nation's refining capacity by about 5 percent and eliminating more than 1 million barrels of fuel per day from the market, leaving the remaining facilities straining to meet demand.

Can the US refine its own oil? ›

The United States has adequate refinery capacity to process its current and projected crude production, however the free world oversupply of refining capacity will persist through the few remaining years of increasing world crude oil production and thereafter.

How many gallons of gas do you get from a barrel of oil? ›

Fact #676: May 23, 2011 U.S. Refiners Produce about 19 Gallons of Gasoline from a Barrel of Oil. A standard U.S. barrel contains 42 gallons of crude oil which yields about 44 gallons of petroleum products. The additional 2 gallons of petroleum products come from refiner gains which result in an additional 6% of product ...

Why are oil refineries closing? ›

Marathon Petroleum said in August 2020 that it would permanently close two refineries in Martinez, California, and Gallup, N.M. in response to lower fuels demand, after idling the facilities following COVID-19 outbreaks in the United States.

Where do US refineries get their oil? ›

  • The top five sources of U.S. crude oil imports by percentage share of U.S. total crude oil imports in 2021 were:
  • Canada62%
  • Mexico10%
  • Saudi Arabia6%
  • Russia3%
  • Colombia3%
Apr 21, 2022

How many US refineries are foreign owned? ›

News reports that the national oil company of Saudi Arabia, Saudi Aramco, is interested in purchasing more refining capacity in the U.S. drew the attention of oil industry leaders and some people in the nation's capital.

How many oil refineries are in the United States 2022? ›

As of January 1, 2022, there were 130 operable petroleum refineries in the United States.

How many active oil refineries are in the US? ›

In 1982 there were over 250 operating crude oil refineries in the United States; that number declined to 132 by 2019.

How many barrels of oil can the US refine per day? ›

In 2021, oil refinery capacity in the United States amounted to approximately 17.9 million barrels per day. Although refineries are operating at full capacity, they may still have difficulties in meeting daily energy demands.

Can the US increase oil production? ›

The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) forecasts that U.S. crude oil production will average 11.9 million barrels per day this year and 12.8 million barrels per day in 2023, which would surpass the record average production of 12.3 million barrels per day set in 2019.

How long will US oil reserves last? ›

Present U.S. demand for petroleum products is about 20 million barrels per day, so 800 billion barrels would last for more than 400 years if oil shale could be used to meet a quarter of that demand.

Who has the most oil in the world? ›

possible and undiscovered), the United States is at the top of the list with 264 billion barrels of recoverable oil reserves, followed by Russia with 256 billion, Saudi Arabia with 212 billion, Canada with 167 billion, Iran with 143 billion, and Brazil with 120 billion (Table 1).

Why is U.S. not pumping more oil? ›

The biggest reason oil production isn't increasing is that U.S. energy companies and Wall Street investors are not sure that prices will stay high long enough for them to make a profit from drilling lots of new wells.

Why is U.S. refining capacity so low? ›

The U.S. had five fewer refineries at the beginning of this year that at the beginning of 2020. When the pandemic hit and demand for oil evaporated during the recession, refineries took a big financial hit when the price of gasoline plummeted.

Why is U.S. refinery capacity down? ›

Some refineries have closed in recent years -- or are slated for conversion -- due to hurricane damages, pandemic impacts, high operations costs, the inability to complete sales, weaker future demand forecasts, or from conversions to produce more renewable fuels.

What capacity are oil refineries operating at? ›

Nationally, and even with some regions undergoing planned facility maintenance, American refiners are running at 93% capacity. Along the Gulf Coast, utilization is 95%, and on the East Coast, 98%.

Does the US have enough oil refineries? ›

The United States has adequate refinery capacity to process its current and projected crude production, however the free world oversupply of refining capacity will persist through the few remaining years of increasing world crude oil production and thereafter.

How many US oil refineries are not operating? ›

Five refineries have shut down in the United States in just the past two years, reducing the nation's refining capacity by about 5 percent and eliminating more than 1 million barrels of fuel per day from the market, leaving the remaining facilities straining to meet demand.

Why is US refining capacity so low? ›

Fuel prices at a gas station in Seattle, Washington, on March 9. The factors fueling the refining shortage won't surprise anyone: With demand for gasoline and jet fuel practically vanishing during the height of the pandemic, companies closed some of their least profitable crude-processing plants permanently.

Why are US oil refineries closing? ›

Marathon Petroleum said in August 2020 that it would permanently close two refineries in Martinez, California, and Gallup, N.M. in response to lower fuels demand, after idling the facilities following COVID-19 outbreaks in the United States.

How long would the US oil reserves last? ›

Oil Reserves in the United States

The United States has proven reserves equivalent to 4.9 times its annual consumption. This means that, without imports, there would be about 5 years of oil left (at current consumption levels and excluding unproven reserves).

Can the US refine more oil? ›

U.S. refineries are also able to process more types of oil than many other refineries. Western Canadian oil is some of the most difficult to refine, and a majority of U.S. crude-oil imports are from Canada.

Why can't the US pump more oil? ›

The biggest reason oil production isn't increasing is that U.S. energy companies and Wall Street investors are not sure that prices will stay high long enough for them to make a profit from drilling lots of new wells.

Where does US get most of its oil? ›

In 2021, Canada was the source of 51% of U.S. gross total petroleum imports and 62% of gross crude oil imports.
  • The top five sources of U.S. total petroleum (including crude oil) imports by percentage share of total petroleum imports in 2021 were:
  • Canada51%
  • Mexico8%
  • Russia8%
  • Saudi Arabia5%
  • Colombia2%
Apr 21, 2022

Is US oil production down in 2022? ›

NEW YORK, July 12 (Reuters) - U.S. crude production and petroleum demand will both rise in 2022 as the economy grows, the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) said in its Short Term Energy Outlook (STEO) on Tuesday.

When was the last oil refinery built in America? ›

The newest refinery in the United States is the Texas International Terminals 45,000 b/cd refinery in Channelview, Texas, which was operable on January 1, 2022, but actually started operating in February, 2022.

Which state has the most oil refineries? ›

The single largest concentration of refineries is along the Gulf Coast. Although there are refineries in 30 states, just three states dominate US refining: Texas (47 operating refineries), Louisiana (19), and California (18).

How much oil can the US refine a day? ›

In 2021, oil refinery capacity in the United States amounted to approximately 17.9 million barrels per day. Although refineries are operating at full capacity, they may still have difficulties in meeting daily energy demands.

Can we drill for oil in the US? ›

The truth is that the number of rigs drilling for oil in the U.S. is steadily climbing. The year-over-year increase in the Baker Hughes North America Rig Count is now about 60%. In fact, historically it has rarely climbed at a faster pace than this.

Can US refineries produce more gas? ›

U.S. refineries are already running at close to their theoretical maximum so there is limited ability to squeeze more fuel from the current system. In recent weeks, crude processing has been running at 93-94% of maximum operable capacity, which is in the 80th to 83rd percentile for all weeks since 1990.

Videos

1. U.S. oil refineries will be challenging to maintain beyond just weather effects, says analyst
(CNBC International TV)
2. An Overview of the Refining Process
(The American Petroleum Institute)
3. Global oil refining capacity could see 'real shortages,' says Energy Aspects' Amrita Sen
(CNBC Television)
4. Much of Washington's crude oil comes from within US, Canada
(KING 5)
5. Biden: Oil refineries are taking advantage of people.
(KOIN 6)
6. Why oil refineries in the Gulf Coast area may remain offline for weeks
(CNBC Television)

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Introduction: My name is Terence Hammes MD, I am a inexpensive, energetic, jolly, faithful, cheerful, proud, rich person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.