List Of California "Wobbler" Offenses (2023)

A California "wobbler" felony is a felony that can be charged and punished as either a misdemeanor or a felony. Typically this will be an offense that has a prescribed sentence of either time in county jail or time in state prison, and the degree of punishment is left up to the discretion of the judge. A "wobbler" felony can be reduced in the state of California after a successful felony expungment process or during a felony expungement process. A California Penal Code 17(b) petition must be filed with the court requesting to reduce your felony to a misdemeanor.

Here is a list of all felony "wobbler" offenses in the state of Califonia. If your felony conviction is on the list, we can help you reduce your felony to a misdemeanor.

NOTE: This is not a complete list of felony wobbler charges. If you don't see your particular felony charge on the list, please call us at 800-916-1228 and we will be able to advise you on whether your particular charge is eligible for felony reduction per PC 17(b).

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Penal Code - Felony "Wobblers"

32 Accessory after the fact to a felony
69 Resisting or deterring executive officer
71 Threat to injure school or public employees
72 False claim to public board or officer wit defraud
95 Influencing juror/referee/umpire
95.1 Threatening juror following verdict
96 Misconduct of jurors/referees/umpires
99 State printer conflict of interest
100 Collusion of state printer in fraud against state
148.10 Resisting officer and causing death or serious bodily injury
107 Escape of felon prisoner from training school/county hospital
115.1 Publishing campaign advertisement containing unauthorized signature
118.1 Peace officer filing a false report
136.1(a) Maliciously dissuade witness or victim from testimony
136.1(b) Dissuade witness to or victim of crime from making report
136.5 Possess deadly weapon wit dissuade witness from testimony
149 Assault or battery by police
166 (c)(4) Violation of protective order w/pc
166 (d) Purchase or receipt of firearm in violation of protective order
168 Disclosing warrant prior to execution
171b Bringing firearm, knife, or deadly weapon into courthouse
171b Bringing firearm, knife, or deadly weapon into state or local public building
171c Bringing loaded firearm into state office/capitol/legislative office
171d Bringing loaded firearm into res/grounds of governor/legis off/legislator
182(a)(1) Criminal conspiracy to commit felony (see underlying felony)
182(a)(2) Conspiracy to indict falsely
182(a)(3) Conspiracy to maintain false court action
182(a)(4) Conspiracy to cheat or defraud
182(a)(5) Conspiracy to obstruct justice
182.5 Criminal street gang conspiracy (see underlying felony)
186.22(a) Participation in criminal street gang activity
186.22(a) Participation in criminal street gang activity
186.22(b)(1) Committing misdemeanor while violating provisions against participating in criminal street gang
186.22(c) Committing felony/misdemeanor while violating provisions against participating in criminal street gang
186.22(d) Commission of wobbler in association with criminal street gang
186.26(a) Adult use of physical violence to coerce, induce, or solicit minor to participate in criminal street gang activity
186.26(b) Adult use of threats of physical violence on two or more occasions within 30-day period to coerce, induce, or solicit minor to participate in criminal street gang activity
186.28 Supplying or selling of firearm for use in commission of felony by criminal street gang member
192(c)(1) Vehicular manslaughter, w/o drugs or alcohol, but w/gross neg
192(c)(3) Vehicular manslaughter, w/drugs or alcohol, but w/o gross neg
192.5(a) Vessel manslaughter, w/o drugs or alcohol, but w/gross neg
192.5(c)(3) Vessel manslaughter, w/drugs or alcohol, but w/o gross neg
227 Dueling
231/227 Leaving state to duel/aid a duel
241.1 Assault on a custodial officer
241.4 Assault on school security patrol member
241.7 Assault on juror
243(c) Battery against peace officer/firefighter/paramedic w/injury
243(c)(1) Battery against custodial officer/firefighter/paramedic w/injury
243(c)(2) Battery against peace officer w/injury
243(d) Battery against person resulting in serious BI
243.3 Battery against public vehicle operator w/injury

243.4(a)-(d) Sexual battery
243.6 Battery against school employee w/injury
243.7 Battery against juror
243.9(a) Battery of peace officer or local detention facility employee by prisoner by gassing
244.5(b) Assault w/stun gun or taser
244.5(c) Assault w/stun gun or taser on peace officer/firefighter
245(a)(1) ADW other than firearm or assault w/force likely to produce GBI on person
245(a)(2) Assault with firearm 245.5(a) ADW other than firearm or assault w/force likely to produce GBI on school employee
245.5(b) ADW w/firearm on school employee
245.5(c) Assault w/stun gun or taser on school employee
246 Discharge firearm at inhabited dwelling, vehicle, or aircraft
247(b) Discharge firearm at unoccupied vehicle
247.5 Discharge laser at aircraft
261.5 Unlawful sexual intercourse
261.5(c) Unlawful sexual intercourse with minor more than 3 years younger than defendant
261.5(d) Unlawful sexual intercourse with minor under 16 by defendant over 21
262 Spousal rape
266 Seduction of minor for prostitution
266c Inducing commission of sexual act through false representation creating fear
267 Abduction of a minor for prostitution
270 Child neglect by person adjudicated as parent
271 Child abandonment
271a Willful abandonment or nonsupport of child under 14 years
273(c) Paying parent for adoption of child w/pc
273a(1) Willful cruelty to child
273a(a)(1) Willful cruelty to child
273a(a) Willful cruelty to child
273d Inflict traumatic injury on child
273d(a) Inflict traumatic injury on child
273.5 Inflict traumatic injury on spouse or cohabitant
273.5(a) Inflict traumatic injury on spouse, former spouse, cohabitant, or former cohabitant
273.5(e) Inflict traumatic injury on spouse, former spouse, cohabitant, or former cohabitant within 7 years of specified pc
273.5(e)(1) Inflict traumatic injury on spouse, former spouse, cohabitant, or former cohabitant within 7 years of pc of Pen C 243(d), 243.4,

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244,244.5,245 or 273.5(a)
273.5(e)(2) Inflict traumatic injury on spouse, former spouse, cohabitant, or former cohabitant within 7 years of pc Pen C 243(e)
273.6(c) Violation of protective order w/pc
273.6(d) Violation of protective order w/pc
273.6(d) Violation of protective order w/pc
273.6(e) Violation of protective order resulting in physical injury w/pc
273.55 Inflict traumatic injury on spouse or cohabitant w/pc of specified assault
273.65(d0 Violation of protective order w/pc
273.65(e) Violation of protective order resulting in physical injury w/pc
276 Soliciting women to submit to illegal abortion
278 Child stealing
278.5 Child stealing in violation of custody order
280(b) Child concealment outside of state
283 Bigamy
284 Marrying spouse of another
286(b)(1) Sodomy, victim under 18 years
286(e) Sodomy in jail or prison
286(h) Sodomy, victim incompetent, both confined for mental disorder
288(c) Lewd & lascivious act w/child 14 or 15, def at least 10 yrs older
288(c)(1) Lewd and lascivious act w/child 14 or 15, def at least 10 yrs older
288(c)(2) Lewd and lascivious act by caretaker w/dependent adult
288.2 Distribution or exhibition of lewd material to minor
288.2(a) Distribution or exhibition of lewd material to minor
288.2(b) Distribution or exhibition of lewd material to minor by electronic mail/Internet
288a(b)(1) Oral copulation, victim under 18
288a(e) Oral copulation in jail or prison
288a(h) Oral copulation, victim incompetent, both confined for mental disorder
289(c) Sexual penetration w/foreign object, victim incompetent, both confined for mental disorder
289(c) Sexual penetration w/foreign or unknown object, victim incompetent, both confined for mental disorder
289(h) Sexual penetration w/foreign object, victim under 18
289(h) Sexual penetration w/foreign object, victim under 18
289.6(a)(2) Employee of public detention facility engaging in sexual activity (as defined in Pen C 289.6(d)(1)-(4)) with inmate
289.6(a)(3) Employee of Youth and Adult Correctional Agency engaging in sexual activity (as defined in Pen C 289.6(d)(1)-(4)) with inmate
290(g)(2) Failure to register w/2 prior convictions
290(g)(2) Failure to register by person convicted of designated sex offenses
290(g)(3) Failure to register by person convicted of a felony sex offense or w/pc
290(g)(5) Failure to register by sexually violent predator
290(g)(5) Failure to register by person adjudicated a sexually violent predator
299.5(g) Unlawful use or disclosure of offender forensic sample or DNA profile
311.1 Sale or distribution of obscene material depicting minors
311.2(d) Sale or distribution of obscene material depicting minor under 17 to minor under 18
311.2(d) Sale or distribution of obscene material depicting minor under 18 to minor under 18
311.10 Advertising obscene material depicting minor under 18
314(1) Indecent exposure after entering inhabited dwelling
332 Obtaining money or property by fraudulent game or trick
334(a) Concessioner fraud by hidden mechanical device
337a Pool selling or bookmaking
337b Corrupt sporting event/bribe player or participant
337c Accepting bribe to throw sport event
337d Bribing official of sport event
337e Official of sport event accepting bribe
337f(c) Racing drugged horse
337f(d) Racing horse under fictitious name or license
337i Transmitting race information for illegal gambling
337.3 Using name of official in touting
337.7 Use of illegal/forged credential or license in touting
347(b) Falsely reporting contamination of food/drink/medicine, etc.
350(a)(2) Manufacture, sale, or possession for sale of 1,000 or more counterfeit marks
350(a)(2) Manufacture, sale, or possession for sale of 1,000 or more counterfeit marks valued in excess of $400
350(b) Manufacture or sale of counterfeit mark w/pc
350(b) Manufacture, sale, or possession for sale of counterfeit mark w/pc
350(d)(1) Possession for sale of less than 100 counterfeit marks at location other than point of sale w/2 pc
350(d)(2) Possession for sale of 100 or more counterfeit marks at location other than point of sale w/pc
350(d)(30 Possession for sale of 1,000 or more counterfeit marks at location other than point of sale
367f Sale of human organs for transplantation
368(a0 Willful causing of pain to or suffering of dependent adult
368(b) Willful causing of pain to or suffering of dependent adult
368(c) Theft or embezzlement over $400 by caretaker of dependent adult
368(d) Theft or embezzlement over $400 of dependent adult
368(e) Theft or embezzlement over $400 by caretaker of dependent adult
374.2 Malicious discharge of harmful materials into public sewer w/pc
374.8 Unauthorized deposit of hazardous substances
382.5 Selling dinitrophenol
382.6 Selling certain chemicals as eyelash dye
387 Corporate criminal liability regarding disclosure of safety hazards
399(b) Owner or person having control allowing vicious animal at large resulting in serious bodily injury
399.5 Failure of owner to exercise ordinary care with dog that bites person
404.6(c) Inciting riot in state prison or county jail resulting in serious BI
417(b) Draw/exhibit loaded firearm in threatening manner on grounds of daycare center
417(b) Draw/exhibit loaded firearm in threatening manner on grounds of daycare center
417(c) Draw/exhibit firearm in a threatening manner in presence of po
417.1 Draw/exhibit firearm in threatening manner in reserve po’s presence
417.6 Inflict serious BI during violation of 417/417.1/417.8
422 Criminal threats of violence
422.7 Hate crime
452(a) Unlawful fire w/GBI
452(b) Unlawful fire of inhabited structure or property
452(c) Unlawful fire of structure or forest land
453(a) Possession of explosive/flammable material or device
453(a) Possess, manufacture, dispose of flammable material or incendiary device w/arson intent
453(b) Possess, manufacture or dispose of fire bomb
461(2) Burglary second degree
463(a) Burglary second degree during emergency resulting from earthquake, flood
463(a) Burglary second degree during emergency resulting from earthquake, flood, fire, riot, or other natural or manmade disaster
463(b) Grand theft during emergency resulting from earthquake or flood
463(b) Grand theft during emergency resulting from earthquake, flood, fire, riot, or other natural or manmade disaster
463(b) Grand theft, except grand theft of firearm, during emergency resulting from earthquake, flood, fire, riot, or other natural or unnatural disaster
470 Forgery
470a Forgery of driver’s license or identification cards
470b Possess/display forged driver’s license or identification card
471 Altering entries in books and records
472 Forgery of public and corporate seals
474 Sending false/forged message by phone/telegraph w/fraud intent
475 Passing or receiving forged bill/check/note
475a Fraudulent possession of completed check/money order, etc.
476 Making/passing/possessing fictitious bill/note/check
476a NSF checks
483.5(d) Manufacture, sale, or transport of deceptive identification document for fraudulent use

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484b Diversion of over $1,000 in construction improvement loans
484e(a) Selling or transferring access card wit defraud
484e(b) Theft of access cards of four or more persons
484e(d) Acquiring access card information wit defraud
484g Using forged access card to obtain over $400
484g Using forged access card or altered access card account information to obtain over $400
484h Access card offenses by merchant over $400
484i(b) Counterfeiting access card
484i(b) Altering or modifying access card account information wit defraud
484i(c) Counterfeiting access card
487(1) Grand theft
487(2) Grand theft person
487(3) Grand theft, farm animal
487(3) Grand theft auto, farm animal
487(a) Grand theft money, labor, or property over $400
487(b)(1), (2) Grand theft agricultural or aquacultural products over $400
487(b)(3) Grand theft money, labor, or property of $400 or more by servant, agent, or employee
487(c) Grand theft person
487(d) Grand theft farm animal
487(d) Grand theft auto, farm animal
487a Grand theft carcass
487e Stealing dog valued at more than $400
487g Dog stealing for commercial use
487g Stealing/fraudulently obtaining any animal for commercial use
487h(a) Grand theft auto, trailer, special construction equipment, vessel
487h(a) Grand theft auto, trailer, special construction equipment, vessel
496(1) Receiving stolen property
496(a) Receiving stolen property
496(b) Receiving stolen property in excess of $400 by secondhand goods dealer
496(e) Attempted receiving stolen property
496(d) Attempted receiving stolen property
496a Junk dealer receiving property of utility company/railroad, etc.
496c Copying title information w/o consent of owner
496d Receiving stolen vehicle, trailer, or vessel
497 Bringing stolen or embezzled property into state
499(a) Joyriding w/1 pc of Pen C 487(d) or Veh C 10851
499(b) Joyriding w/2 pc of joyriding
499b.1(a) Joyriding w/prior conviction for auto theft
499b.1(b) Joyriding w/2 pc of joyriding
499c Theft of trade secrets
499d Theft of aircraft
502(d) Receiving money of $400 or more for transmittal to foreign countries
502(d) Computer-related crimes
502.5 Removal of structures from mortgaged realty w/o owner’s consent
502.7(a) Fraudulently avoiding charge for telephone or telegraph service over $400
502.7(a) Fraudulently avoiding charge for telephone or telegraph service
502.7(b) Use of instrument to avoid telephone or telegraph charge over $400
502.7(b) Use of instrument to avoid telephone or telegraph charge
502.7(d) Allowing fraudulent use of calling or credit card to obtain telecommunications service
502.7(g) Theft of telephone or telegraph services w/pc within 5 years
502.8(c) Possession of telecommunications device with intent to sell and avoid charge for service
502.8(d) Possession of illegal telecommunications equipment wit sell and avoid charge for service
503 Embezzlement
504 Embezzlement by public officer
504a Embezzlement of property held under lease
504b Debtor’s embezzlement by sale of mortgaged property
505 Embezzlement by carrier
506 Embezzlement by trustee
506b Violation of CC 2985.3-2985.4 re real estate sales
507 Embezzlement by tenant or bailee
508 Embezzlement by clerk or servant
524 Attempted extortion
529 Impersonation for fraud
530 Receiving money/property in assumed character
530.5 Using personal identifying information of another to obtain credit, good, services, or medical information
532 Obtain money/credit/property/labor by false pretense
532a(4) Making false financial statement
535 Illegal auction
537(a)(2) Defrauding innkeeper of more than $400
537e(a) Purchase/possess/sell integrated circuit e/removed/altered ID/ser. no. more than $400
538 Sale/dispose of mortgaged property
538.5 Fraudulent use of wire, radio, or TV transmissions
540 Stealing/forging/counterfeiting ration coupons
541 Sale/gift/transfer of forged/counterfeit ration coupons
542 Purchase/acquire forged or counterfeit ration coupons
549 Soliciting fraudulent insurance claims
550(a)(6)-(9) Defrauding health care provider of more than $400
550(b)(1)-(4) Preparing or making false oral or written statement in support of or opposition to insurance claim
550(b)(2) Defrauding health care provider of more than $400
551 Offering consideration for referrals to auto repair dealer or contractor w/pc
560 Issuing false documents of title
560.4 Issuing fraudulent duplicate document of title
566 Dairy equipment offenses over $400
570 Unlawful subleasing of motor vehicle
577 Issuing false bill of lading/receipt/voucher
578 Issuing fictitious warehouse receipts
580 Failure to show receipt is duplicate
581 Sale or pledge of property receipted for by carrier or warehouse
587 Injury to or obstruction of railroad tracks or bridges
591 Injury to telegraph/telephone/cable TV or other electric line
592(b) Taking water from canal, ditch, flume or reservoir w/pc
593 Interfering w/electric power line
593d(b) Manufacture or distribution of less than 10, or sale of less than 4, unauthorized video signal converter boxes w/pc
594(b)(1) Vandalism of $50,000 or more
594(b)(1) Vandalism of $400 or more
594(b)(2) Vandalism of $5,000 or more but less than $50,000
594.3(a) Vandalism of place of worship
594.3(a) Vandalism of place of worship or cemetery
594.35 Vandalism of mortuary; distributing or obstructing funeral service
594.4 Defacing, damaging, or contaminating property with noxious or caustic chemical or substance
594.7 Vandalism w/2 pc of vandalism
597 Cruelty to animals
600(a) Inflicting serious injury on police horse or dog
601 Trespass consisting of credible threat to cause serious bodily injury and unlawful entry onto property within 14 days of the threat
601 Trespass consisting of credible threat to cause serious bodily injury and unlawful entry onto property within 30 days of the threat
607 Injury or destruction of hydra-power equipment of $5,000 or more
620 Altering telegraph/telephone messages
621 Vandalism of law enforcement memorial or firefighter’s memorial
625b(b) Tampering w/aircraft
626.9(b) Possession of firearm within 1,000 feet of school grounds
626.10(a) Possession of weapon, not firearm, on public school grounds

626.10(a) Possession of weapon, not firearm, on public or private school grounds
626.10(b) Possession of weapon, not firearm, on public college grounds
626.10(b) Possession of weapon, not firearm, on public or private college grounds
626.95 Possessing firearms on grounds of playground or youth center
629.34 Violation of wiretapping laws
629.84 Violation of wiretapping laws
631 Wiretapping
632 Eavesdropping or recording confidential communication
632.5 Unlawful interception of cellular radio telephone communication
632.6 Unlawful interception of cordless telephone communication
632.7 Unlawful interception of and recordation of cellular radio or cordless telephone communication
634 Trespass to invade privacy
635 Mfg. or sale of eavesdropping devices
636(b) Nonelectronic eavesdropping on privileged conversation
637 Wrongful disclosure of telephone/telegraph communication
637.1 Wrongful disclosure of telephone/telegraph communication by employee
641.3 Commercial bribery where amount of bribe exceeds $1,000
642 Grand theft from corpse
646.9(a) Stalking
646.9(b) Stalking in violation of temporary restraining order or injunction
646.9(c) Stalking w/pc of stalking same victim within seven years
646.9(c)(1) Stalking w/pfc of Pen C 273.5, 273.6, or 422
647.6 Child molestation after entering inhabited dwelling without consent
653f(a) Soliciting commission of crime not murder
653f(d) Soliciting commission of drug offenses w/pc
653f(e) Soliciting commission of health care fraud under Welf & I C 14014 w/pc
653h(b) Illegal sound recording, transfer or transport of 1,000 or more articles
653h(c) Illegal sound recording, transfer or transport, w/pc
653h(d) Illegal sound recording for sale w/pc
666 Petty theft w/prior, grand, or auto theft, burglary, robbery, or felony receiving stolen property
666 Petty theft w/prior petty, grand, or auto theft, burglary,
carjacking, robbery, or felony receiving stolen property
1319.4 Failure to appear on a felony
1320(b) Willful failure to appear felony hearing, when released on OR
1320.5 Willful failure to appear felony hearing, when released on bail
1370.5 Escape from mental health facility
4011.7 Escape w/force or violence of misdemeanor prisoner from hospital
4131.5 Battery on non-inmate by county jail prisoner
4133 Escape from industrial farm
4501.1 Battery of peace officer or prison employee by prisoner by gassing
4532(a) Escape or attempt of misdemeanant from jail w/o force or violence
4532(b) Escape or attempt of felon from jail w/o force or violence
4532(b) Escape or attempt of felon from jail w/force or violence
4532(d) Failure of misdemeanant to return to jail subsequent to temporary release
4532(d) Failure of felon to return to jail subsequent to temporary release
4536 Escape or attempt of MDSO from state hospital, etc
4550(2) Rescue or attempt-prisoner convicted of noncapital crime
11411(b) Placing or displaying Nazi swastika on property of another on two or more occasions for purpose of terrorizing the property owner
14411(c) Cross-burning on property of another for purposes of terrorizing the property owner
11411(c) Cross-burning on private property of another or school property for purpose of terrorizing owner, student, or school employee
11418(d) Use of recombinant technology to create new pathogens for destructive purposes
11418.1 Mailing, sending, or causing to be sent a false or facsimile weapon of mass destruction, or placing or possessing such weapon and causing another person to be placed in sustained fear
11418.5 Threat of use of weapon of mass destruction resulting in isolation, quarantine, or decontamination
12020 Mfg., sake, possession of illegal weapon
12020 Mfg., sale, possession of illegal weapons or large-capacity magazines
12021(c) Possession of firearm within 10 years of certain misdemeanor convictions
12021(d) Possession of firearm in violation of condition of probation
12021(e) Possession of firearm by juvenile court ward before age of 30
12021(g) Purchasing/receiving firearm when subject to domestic violence restraining or protective order
12021.3 Possession of firearm within 10 years of misdemeanor conviction of Pen C 76 (threat of harm to government official)
12023 Carrying loaded firearm with intent to commit felony
12025(a) Carrying concealed firearm on person and pc of a narcotics offense or an offense against person or property
12025(a) Immediate possession or ready access to concealable firearm and ammunition or loaded concealable firearm, and defendant not registered owner
12025(b) Carrying concealed firearm on person w/o license and pc of a narcotics offense or an offense against person or property
12031(a) Carrying loaded firearm on person or in vehicle w/pc of a narcotics offense or an offense against person or property
12031(a) Carrying loaded firearm on person or in vehicle and defendant not registered owner
12031.5(a) Carrying loaded firearm on person or in vehicle in violation of Pen C 12031 w/pc
12034(b) Permitting another to discharge firearm from motor vehicle
12034(d) Discharging firearm from motor vehicle
12035(b)(1) Criminal storage of firearm in the first degree
12040 Carrying firearm in public while masked to hide identity
12072 Unlawful firearm transaction defined in Pen C 12072(g)(3) (A)-(F)
12072 Unlawful firearm transaction defined in Pen C 12072(g)(3) (A)-(H)
12072(a) Sale of firearm to addict or felons
12100 Sale of concealable firearm to minor w/pc
12100 Sale of concealable firearm to minor by addict, felon, or mental patient
12101 Possession of concealable firearm by minor w/pc
12220 Possession or sale of machine guns
12220(a) Possession or transport of machine gun
12220(b) Possession of assault weapon
12303 Possession of destructive device
12304 Second conviction for sale or transportation of fixed ammunition
12316(b) Possession of ammunition or reloaded ammunition by felon or mental patient
12320 Possession of metal-piercing ammunition
12321 Sale or transport of metal-piercing ammunition
12355(b) Possession of a booby trap
12403.7 Using tear gas other than in self-defense
12422 Alteration of identification on tear gas weapons
12520 Possession of firearm silencer
12560 Possession of firearm w/pfc-firearm
14166 Money laundering

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Bussiness & Professions Code - Felony "Wobblers"

580 Sale of medical degree
581 Fraudulent procurement or alteration of medical diploma
582 Fraudulent use of medical diploma
583 False statement by medical license applicant
584 Impersonation during medical license examination
650 Accepting consideration for referring patients to clinic or lab
729 Sexual exploitation by psychotherapist w/pc
729 Sexual exploitation by physician or psychotherapist involving two or more victims
729 Sexual exploitation by physician, psychotherapist, or alcohol and drug abuse counselor involving two or more victims
729 Two or more acts of sexual exploitation by physician or psychotherapist involving single victim w/pc
729 Two or more acts of sexual exploitation by physician, psychotherapist, or alcohol and drug abuse counselor involving single victim w/pc
1282.3 Improper collection, storage, or labeling of biological specimen with willful or wanton disregard for safety
2052(a) Unauthorized practice of medicine
2052(b) Aiding or abetting another in the unauthorized practice of medicine
2053 Practice medicine w/o license/certificate
4324 Forgery of prescription
4390 Forgery of Prescription
6126(b0 Unauthorized practice of law by person disbarred or suspended from membership in the state bar
6126(c) Failure of member of State Bar or one who has resigned or been disbarred to comply with order of Supreme Court to comply with Cal Rules of Ct 955
6152 Unlawful solicitation w/pc
7026.10 Fraudulent use of contractor’s license number
7027.3 Fraudulent use of contractor’s license number
7028.16 Repairing structures damaged by a natural disaster without a contractor’s license
10238.6 Breach of trust by real property securities dealers
10250.56 Breach of trust by real property securities dealers
11010.1 Failure to notify real estate comm’r of intent to issue notes secured by property
11013.1 Sale or lease of property subject to blanket encumbrance
11013.2 Sale or lease of property subject to blanket encumbrance
11013.4 Sale or lease of property not subject to blanket encumbrance
11018.2 Sale or lease of property w/o public report
11019 Failure to cease and desist activities when ordered re prop sales
11022 False or misleading real estate advertising
17511.9 Fraudulent telephonic sales methods
22430(d) Manufacture, sale, or transport of deceptive identification document for fraudulent use

Commercial Code - Felony "Wobblers"

892 Rent skimming, five or more acts
1695.8 Violations by equity purchasers
1812.116(b)-(c) Violations by discount buying organization
1812.217 Marketing plan sale fraud
2945.4 Unfair dealing by mortgage foreclosure consultant
2985.2 Encumbering unrecorded real estate contracts
2985.3 Appropriation by seller of buyer’s payment when payment by seller on obligation secured by encumbrance on real property

Corporation Code - Felony "Wobblers"

2255 Corporation agent falsifying/destroying records w/fraud intent
2256 Falsifying evidence used in investigating corporation affairs
6811 Fraudulent distribution by director of public benefit corporation
6812 Filing of false financial reports by director or officer of public benefit corporation
6813 Fraudulent acquisition of corporate property by director or officer of public benefit corporation
6814 Deception of public officer examining the organization of public benefit corporation
8812 Fraudulent distribution by director of mutual benefit company
8813 Filing of false financial reports by director or officer of mutual benefit corporation
8814 Fraudulent acquisition of corporate property by director or officer of mutual benefit corporation
8815 Deception of public officer examining the organization of mutual benefit corporation
12672 Fraudulent distribution by director of consumer cooperative corporation
12673 Filing of false financial reports by director or officer of consumer cooperative corporation
12674 Fraudulent acquisition of corporate property by director or officer of consumer cooperative corporation
12675 Deception of public officer examining the organization of consumer cooperative corporation
22002 Corporation agent falsifying records
25110 Unlawful sale of securities
25120 Unlawful sale of securities
25130 Unlawful sale of securities
25164 Representing that qualification of document indicated verity
25166 Making false statements to commissioner
25210 Transacting securities w/o certificate
25214(a) Employing suspended securities agent
25216 Sale of security by fraudulent scheme by broker/dealer
25218 Violation of equity rules by broker/dealer
25230 Practicing by uncertified investment advisor
25232.2 Employing suspended/disqualified investment advisor
25234(a) Entering illegal investment advisory contract
25235 Defrauding client by investment advisor
25243 Misrepresenting certification as approval by commissioner
25245 Misrepresenting facts on report/application to commissioner
25246 Requiring spouse’s consent to transaction
25300(a) Advertising sale of security w/o filing
25400 Churning
25401 Sale or offer to sell security by misrepresentation
25402 Insider trading
25403 Sale or other to sell local authority obligation w/o consent
25404 Altering. Concealing, or falsifying entry in record wit impede, obstruct, or influence enforcement of corporate securities law

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Fresh Star Law Center specializes in reducing felony "wobbler" offenses to misdemeanors in the state of California. We have served clients all over California and pride ourselves on providing impeccable customer service to all of our clients. We appreciate you taking the time to view our website, and we greatly look forward to helping you in anyway we can.

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List Of California "Wobbler" Offenses (5)
David Huffman, Esq.
Founding Attorney, Fresh Start Law Center

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FAQs

What is a wobbler offense? ›

A wobbler is a special class of crimes involving conduct that varies widely in its level of seriousness. Wobbler statutes cover a wide range of offenses, including assault with a deadly weapon, vehicular manslaughter, money laundering, and defacements of property with graffiti.

What is an example of a wobbler? ›

Hundreds of criminal offenses qualify as wobblers. For instance, in California, crimes such as: statutory rape, driving under the influence (DUI), making criminal threats, burglary, forgery, and carrying a loaded firearm in public may be considered wobbler offenses.

What is a Woblette and what is a wobbler? ›

What is a “wobblette”? A “wobblette” is a California offense that can be charged or sentenced as either a misdemeanor or an infraction. An infraction is a non-criminal offense that can be punished by a fine, but no jail time. In California, most infractions are punishable by a fine of up to $250.

Is PC 666 a wobbler? ›

CA Penal Code 666 is a wobbler, meaning it can be tried as either a misdemeanor or a felony, depending on the facts of the case and your criminal record. If the prosecutor finds that you are eligible for CA PC 666 and you get convicted of the crime as a misdemeanor then you will face: Up to 1-year in county jail.

Is a DUI a wobbler in California? ›

While a fourth or subsequent DUI is usually charged as a felony, it is technically a wobbler offense that can be charged as a felony or a misdemeanor. If convicted of this offense as either a felony or a misdemeanor, the defendant must be sentenced to serve at least 180 days in jail.

Is 496 a wobbler? ›

Penalties for Penal Code 496

Receiving stolen property is a wobbler offense under California law, meaning it can be charged as either a felony or a misdemeanor. The misdemeanor version of Section 496 carries a maximum penalty of one year in county jail.

Is Penal Code 422 a wobbler? ›

California Penal Code Section 422 is a “wobbler,” that can be filed as either a misdemeanor or felony offense. If you are convicted of misdemeanor criminal threats, the penalties include: Up to one a year in the county jail.

What does not throw a wobbler mean? ›

idiom. British, informal. : to become very angry or upset. He threw a wobbly when he found out his flight was delayed.

What does a wobbler look like? ›

What are the signs of Wobbler syndrome? Dogs with wobbler syndrome typically have a “wobbly” gait mostly in the back end (thus the name “wobblers”). This wobbly gait may only be visible in slippery floors and when the dog walks slowly. They may walk with their head down, which is usually a sign of pain.

Is Embezzlement a wobbler? ›

Since Embezzlement is punished as Grand Theft or Petty Theft, you can be charged with a felony or a misdemeanor form of the crime, depending on the unique facts of your case. This makes Embezzlement a “wobbler”[7] under California criminal law.

Is burglary a wobbler felony? ›

The act of burglary is considered a wobbler under California law, meaning that depending on the circumstances of the crime, it can be charged as either a felony or misdemeanor.

Is Penal Code 32 a wobbler? ›

A violation of Penal Code 32 is a wobbler offense. This means a prosecutor can charge it as either a misdemeanor or a felony depending on: the facts of the case, and. the defendant's criminal history.

Is 242 a wobbler? ›

Sexual Battery

The touching has to be against the will of the person touched and it has to occur for sexual arousal, sexual gratification, or sexual abuse. Since Sexual Battery can be prosecuted as a Felony or a Misdemeanor, depending on the facts of the case, CPC §243.4(a) is considered a “wobbler”[13] crime.

Is 470 pc a wobbler? ›

Penal Code 470 PC is a “wobbler” that can be charged as a misdemeanor or felony crime based on the amount of loss and the defendant's criminal record. A conviction for felony forgery can result in up to three years in prison, a $10,000 fine, and victim restitution.

Is PC 550 a wobbler? ›

It should be noted that making false statements under PC 550 is a “wobbler” and can be charged as either a misdemeanor or a felony case.

What are PC 290 offenses? ›

Penal Code Section 290 lists the crimes that require sex offender registration, which include rape, indecent exposure, and sex offenses involving minors. Registration can also be required for crimes not listed under Section 290 if the crime was sexually motivated (See California Penal Code Section 290.006).

Is PC 484 a wobbler? ›

This offense is a "wobbler" that can be charged as either a felony or misdemeanor. If charged as a felony, the maximum sentence is three years in prison.

How long until a DUI is off your record in California? ›

How long does a DUI stay on your driving record? Fortunately, a DUI charge does not stay on your driving record forever. Generally speaking, it remains on your driving record for up to 10 years and is viewable by the DMV and law enforcement during that time.

How long after a DUI can you get it expunged from your record in California? ›

In California, a conviction for driving under the influence (DUI) stays on the defendant's driving record for 10 years after the arrest. It cannot be removed from the driving record during that time.

Can I get my DUI expunged in California? ›

You are eligible to apply for an expungement at the end of your probation term- there is no 'waiting period' for a DUI expungement in California. You must have fulfilled all terms of your probation (such as Cal Trans, community service, payment of fines, and alcohol school).

Is PC 417 a wobbler? ›

Brandishing a firearm on the grounds of a day-care center while it is open for use, can be a “wobbler” charge under PC 417(b) and can be charged as either a felony or misdemeanor: Misdemeanor: Imprisonment in county jail for no longer than one year. A fine of up to $1,000.

Is PC 594 a wobbler? ›

2.2.

Penal Code 594 PC vandalism becomes a wobbler when the damage to the vandalized property is four hundred dollars ($400) or greater. This means that the prosecutor can decide to charge you with vandalism as either a misdemeanor or a felony.

Is PC 211 a wobbler? ›

The Crime of Robbery in California - Penal Code 211

Robbery is always a felony under California law. It is not a “wobbler” offense which can later be reduced to a misdemeanor. In most cases, a robbery conviction will also qualify as a “strike” under California's three-strikes law.

What makes 422 a felony? ›

Penal Code 422 PC makes it a crime to threaten someone that places them in sustained fear. This law prohibits threatening to harm or kill another person if the threat places the victim in reasonably sustained fear for their safety or that of their family.

Is PC 236 a wobbler? ›

Penal Code 236 false imprisonment is a California “wobbler” offense that can be charged as either a misdemeanor or felony crime, depending on the facts and circumstances of the case.

Is California Penal Code 422 a felony? ›

Penal Code 422(a) is a wobbler, allowing the prosecutor to file misdemeanor or felony charges. A felony conviction carries a sentence of 2, 3, or 4 years in state prison. In addition, a criminal threat is a serious felony applied to California's Three Strike laws.

What does dropping your drawers mean? ›

To remove one's pants or underwear. I was so muddy after working in the garden that I dropped my drawers as soon as I got into the house. See also: drawer, drop. Farlex Dictionary of Idioms.

What is jammy sod? ›

1 covered with or tasting like jam. 2 (Brit) slang lucky.

What does the ball's in your court mean? ›

idiom. it is time for someone to deal with a problem or make a decision, because other people have already done as much as they can: I've helped him in every way I can – the ball's in his court now.

How do you test for wobblers? ›

Turning the horse in a small circle is a quick and easy test to detect wobbler syndrome. A horse suffering from the syndrome will swing the rear legs out while making the turn. The horse also will have trouble backing up.

What does wobbler mean? ›

(slang, Britain) A sudden unexpected outburst of anger or rage; a tantrum.

What is a 502 in California? ›

California Penal Code Section 502, unauthorized computer access, is described as a crime when someone: Tampers, interferes, damages, and commits an unauthorized access to lawfully created computer data and computer systems.

Is Grand theft a wobbler in California? ›

In most cases, the offense of grand theft in California is a wobbler. This means that the prosecutor may choose to charge you with either misdemeanor or felony grand theft. The maximum potential sentence for misdemeanor grand theft is up to one (1) year in county jail.

Is kidnapping a wobbler? ›

Penalties

Child abduction is considered a "wobbler" offense, which means that a prosecutor can file the case as either a felony or a misdemeanor.

Is a tent a building for burglary? ›

FALSE. Burglary & the term 'building'....as Blackstone's states, tents & marquees are considered to fall outside the term, even if the tent is someone's home (the Criminal Law Revision Committee intended tents to be outside the protection of burglary).

Is home invasion a felony in CA? ›

Home invasion – or First Degree Burglary – is a serious crime in California. If convicted of this felony, a person may face between 2-6 years in prison and fines of up to $10,000.

Is theft from a shed burglary? ›

'A garden shed is part of a person's home. Burglars should be under no illusion that burglary of outbuildings is just as much burglary of domestic premises as breaking into the front door, although it can be said to be not quite as serious as breaking onto the place where people live.

Is PC 69 a wobbler? ›

California Penal Code §69 is a “wobbler” offense. This means it can be charged as either a felony or a misdemeanor. As a misdemeanor, resisting an executive officer carries a possible sentence of up to one (1) year in county jail.

What is a 825 disposition? ›

Penal Code section 825 requires that a defendant being held in custody for a misdemeanor or a felony must be brought before a judge “without unnecessary delay” and within 48 hours of their arrest, excluding Sundays and holidays.

Is PC 245 a wobbler? ›

Is Penal Code 245(a)(4) a Felony? Penal Code 245(a)(4), is a wobbler meaning it could be charged as a misdemeanor if the victim did not suffer great bodily injury. However, if the victim did suffer a great bodily injury then it will be charged as a felony in California.

What is the difference between PC 242 and PC 243? ›

PC 242 Battery, also called simple battery, is classified as a misdemeanor. If found guilty of PC 242, the defendant may serve up to 180 days in the county jail. PC 243(d) also called aggravated battery, may be charged as a misdemeanor or as a felony.

What makes PC 470 a felony? ›

PC 470 crimes may be charged as felonies or as misdemeanors depending on the value of the item forged or the amount of loss to the victim. For example, forgery of a seal with a value over $950 is charged as a felony and forgery of a seal with a value under $950 dollas is charged as a misdemeanor (PC 470(c).

Is PC 242 considered domestic violence? ›

Another lesser included domestic violence charge is simply battery defined under California Penal Code 242 PC. Battery is described as harmful or offensive touching, which means you could simple just push someone or grab anything out of their hand.

Is PC 246 a wobbler? ›

An offense under PC 246 is always a felony and is not a “wobbler.” If convicted, you face the following: 6 months to one year in county jail. Or, state prison time of 3, 5 or 7 years.

Is PC 459 a wobbler? ›

Definition and Elements of the Crime

If the defendant entered a commercial building with intent to commit a felony, he or she would face charges of second degree burglary (also called "commercial burglary") which is a "wobbler" that can be charged as either a felony or a misdemeanor.

Is PC 148 a wobbler? ›

California Penal Code 148(a)(1) resisting arrest is the misdemeanor form of Penal Code 69 that is a “wobbler” that can be charged as a misdemeanor or felony and is violated when you obstruct law enforcement who are performing their duties.

Is robbery a wobbler in California? ›

The Crime of Robbery in California - Penal Code 211

Robbery is always a felony under California law. It is not a “wobbler” offense which can later be reduced to a misdemeanor. In most cases, a robbery conviction will also qualify as a “strike” under California's three-strikes law.

Is burglary a wobbler in California? ›

California Burglary Laws

The act of burglary is considered a wobbler under California law, meaning that depending on the circumstances of the crime, it can be charged as either a felony or misdemeanor.

Is Embezzlement a wobbler in California? ›

Since Embezzlement is punished as Grand Theft or Petty Theft, you can be charged with a felony or a misdemeanor form of the crime, depending on the unique facts of your case. This makes Embezzlement a “wobbler”[7] under California criminal law.

Is 470 PC a wobbler? ›

Penal Code 470 PC is a “wobbler” that can be charged as a misdemeanor or felony crime based on the amount of loss and the defendant's criminal record. A conviction for felony forgery can result in up to three years in prison, a $10,000 fine, and victim restitution.

How much stolen money is considered a felony in California? ›

For example, California law states that people commit felony theft (or grand theft) if they take property with a value in excess of $950.00. By contrast, Texas law says that theft is a felony only if the value of the stolen property is $2,500 or more.

How much can you steal in California before it's a felony? ›

If someone is accused of stealing or attempting to steal items valued at more than $950, then that individual can be charged with Penal Code 487 PC grand theft. Grand theft can be charged as a felony that carries up to three years in state prison.

What dollar amount is considered grand theft in California? ›

Grand larceny, commonly referred to as grand theft, is a serious criminal offense according to California Penal Code 487 PC which defines this theft crime as the unlawful taking of someone else's property when that property's value is more than $950, the property is a firearm or car, or taken immediately from an ...

Is PC 32 a wobbler? ›

Under California criminal law, a violation of California Penal Code Section 32 PC is a wobbler offense. A wobbler is a criminal offense that a district attorney can charge as either a misdemeanor or a felony.

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